Apartment blocks need to set up sinking funds to cover major repairs (eg roof repairs, painting, etc)
Out of curiousty, How much do you spend on waste disposal, cleaning gutters, clearing drains, boiler service, etc.
There are lots of little costs with running and maintaining a house which people forget.
This year I have had to pay for the following on my own house
1) 1 x blocked drain
2) tree surgeon for neighbours overhanging trees
3) repair broken tiles on roof
4) paint railings at front of house
5) 1 x reset electric gates and replace electric eye
6) alarm service
7) boiler service
2 xclean windows
9) replace part of hedge killed by frost
10) buy various garden equipment
1 - do it myself.
2 - do it myself, though I did have to pay 60 euro to get some high trees topped. Mind you, I live in a field surrounded by high hedges. Not a typical house.
4 - do it myself.
7 - doesn't require it/do it myself.
8 - do it myself (the advantage of a bungalow).
Most of what you say also has to be done for apartments. The cost is typically higher than for a house. Divided up by the number of apartments it is less. There is no element of choice, though, for the individual apartment owner. If it is decided that a window cleaning company with cherry-picker is brought in by the management company, then everyone pays. These are therefore discretionary costs. I pay the same amount for waste disposal for my house as I did for my apartment.